Seven Key Elements of Corporate Climate Change Strategy | Home tips | Green house

The greatest environmental challenge of our time is without a doubt climate change. Over the coming years and decades climate change will have a stark influence on our lives. Not only through the physical changes in the climate, but also through changes in our energy consumption, travel patterns and many other aspects of our life. Companies will not be unaffected by these changes. Markets will change, as will client requirements and there will be a steep rise in legislation with regards to climate change and greenhouse gas emissions. Developing a comprehensive climate change strategy is therefore an essential part of good business management. This article gives a brief description of the elements that each corporate climate change strategy should include.

The management of climate change should adopt two distinct strategies: climate change mitigation and climate change adaptation. Climate change mitigation deals with the reduction in greenhouse gases to the earth’s atmosphere. Carbon foot-printing and carbon accounting form typical measures that are used within the framework of this strategy. Climate change adaptation revolves around measures that address the changes and vulnerabilities of the organisation that will be present as a result of the inevitable physical change in our climate. A good corporate climate change strategy addresses both mitigation and adaptation.

1. Understanding greenhouse gas emissions of the organisation
An understanding of the organisation’s greenhouse gas emissions is fundamental in every credible corporate climate change strategy. To achieve this a comprehensive greenhouse gas inventory should be made. The inventory is a first step to manage and reduce the emissions, which are also key elements of a corporate climate change strategy. The inventory combined with the management and reduction form the core of a greenhouse gas accounting system. At this moment there are two internationally recognised systems for greenhouse gas accounting available. These are the ISO 14064 standard and the Greenhouse Gas Protocol.

2. Understanding climate change vulnerability
Most large organisations have started to make a greenhouse gas inventory and have adopted measures to reduce their carbon footprint. As I described in the introduction, climate change adaptation also forms an important part of a comprehensive corporate climate change strategy. To develop an understanding of an organisation’s vulnerability to climate change a review of the operations, products and services, transport needs should be made as well as an understanding of the physical changes to the climate in which the organisation operates. There are no clear guidelines on how to develop an understanding of the climate change vulnerability, although the United Nations Panel on Climate Change has published a range of reports documenting the predicted changes to the climate in each of the global regions over the course of the current century. In addition to these global publications, many governments have funded research predicting the potential climate change at a national level.

3. Commit to reduction in GHG emissions
As part of credible corporate climate change strategy, a commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions should be made at the most senior level in the organisation.

4. Develop internal corporate capacity
Development of internal capacity is an essential element to drive through improvements to both the greenhouse gas emissions and the climate change vulnerability. It is the people within the organisation that are best placed to identify practical solutions that will support any improvement programme. Ensuring an adequate level of knowledge and understanding within the members of staff with regards to the climate change issues that are facing the organisation is therefore a key element in the corporate climate change strategy.

5. Work with supply chain and engage with stakeholders
A significant contribution to the carbon footprint of a product that an organisation produces is made during the processing by suppliers. In addition an organisation should be aware of the climate change vulnerability of its own supply chain. A corporate climate change strategy should therefore address the role of the supply chain in managing climate change issues.

6. Adopt and implement improvement action plan
The first five elements provide a thorough understanding of the climate change issues facing an organisation. Based on this understanding an improvement plan should be drawn up. As with any credible action plan the actions should consist of SMART targets, be fully funded, and be relevant to the organisations climate change threats and opportunities.

7. Publish an annual report
The final element is the publication of an annual report that demonstrate progress against the action plan, re-affirms the commitment to improvement and accounts for the carbon emissions.

Reducing CO2 Emissions Is Still Adding New CO2 To The Atmosphere

Whether CO2 is created from burning more fossil fuels or burning less fossil fuels, the absolute core problem of finding a solution for global warming from excess CO2 is that CO2 is currently indestructible. Nature (photosynthesis) does break CO2 down and uses CO2 to create glucose and other sugars, but when sugars are metabolized in the cells of plants and animals, water and CO2 are formed and the CO2 goes right back into the atmosphere.

The second core problem with CO2 is that the hundreds of millions of tons of CO2 created from burning fossil fuels and released into the atmosphere over the last century is not being pulled back out of the atmosphere, collected, and stored because there’s no known way to safely store CO2. Because of these severe limitations, the CO2 already released into the atmosphere in addition to the CO2 being released into the atmosphere every day is at this time PERMANENT and therefore a permanent addition to the environment – we can’t go back, that’s why every day of fossil fuel use is so significant. Solar panels, windmills, fuels cells, etc. don’t release CO2 into the atmosphere, but at the same time these “green” forms of energy don’t remove CO2 from the atmosphere. The more CO2 released into the atmosphere, the closer we are to the runaway greenhouse effect. CO2 builds up in the atmosphere and it doesn’t go away.

Global Warming Spoon Fed
90% of Photons Converted to Electrons – Small But Important Victory

Don’t Rely On Nature For A Quick Answer

Photosynthesis of plant life buys a little time, but when trees die (average 40-60 years), the decay process will release CO2, almost all of which will move back into the atmosphere. So the CO2 stored in trees is only temporary storage. A small amount of CO2 in the atmosphere will naturally store in soil (becoming coal in a million years). A small amount of the CO2 in the atmosphere becomes carbonate rocks and sea shells. A larger amount of the CO2 in the atmosphere is absorbed by the water of oceans, seas, lakes, etc. making open waters more acidic which endangers fish and many other animals.

Realize that photosynthesis is only part of the chemical activity of plants. Plants make glucose and sucrose using CO2 during photosynthesis. But during dark hours, plants also metabolize (use) sugar just like animals for their own energy needs which breaks sugar down into water, oxygen, and CO2. The metabolism of cells of animals eating plants that contain sugar breaks sugar down into water, oxygen, and CO2.

CO2 Doesn’t Go Away And CO2 Doesn’t Stop Causing Harm

Perspective Of Time On Global Warming

The chemistry of photosynthesis started in microscopic life, plant life evolved from microscopic life. Microscopic life and plant life lived, died over 100s of millions of years and the remains were highly compressed by the weight of the millions of generations of microscopic life and plant life, forming coal. The low CO2 atmosphere we had several decades ago was a great inheritance from the formation of coal over hundreds of millions of years. Each release of CO2 from burning of coal and other fossil fuels is literally an injection of CO2 into the atmosphere created from carbon stored hundreds of millions of years ago.

Reducing CO2 Emissions Is Still Adding CO2- Removing The Excess CO2 Already In The Atmosphere Is Truly Necessary:

Think of the CO2 in the atmosphere (and all other global warming gases) as a blanket. Adding more CO2 to the atmosphere makes the blanket thicker. So much CO2 has been added to the atmosphere over the last several decades that now the blanket is too thick causing the Earth to literally start over heating, which is global over warming, which is incorrectly called “global warming”. “CO2 emissions” means adding CO2 to the atmosphere which means making the blanket thicker.

There’s a lot of talk about laws and technology to reduce the amount of CO2 being added to the atmosphere, but reducing CO2 emissions will not stop or reverse global warming because reducing CO2 emissions is still adding CO2 to the atmosphere. According to Al Gore in his Nobel Prize acceptance speech, each day “70 million tons” of global warming gases are added to the atmosphere each day. If we reduce CO2 emissions to 30 million tons each day, obviously adding 30 million tons of CO2 each day to the atmosphere is not going to stop global warming because there’s already more CO2 in the atmosphere than all the plant life on Earth can handle. Even if CO2 emissions were reduced to zero, global warming would continue because of the excess CO2 already in the atmosphere from the last several decades of CO2 emissions.

While reducing CO2 emissions is necessary, reducing CO2 emissions alone can not stop global warming. There has to be a device or machine or strategy that removes the excess CO2 already in the atmosphere. If the Earth was completely covered with solar panels, the heat problem of global warming would likely be solved but not cured because you would still have the excess CO2 in the atmosphere. That’s how difficult this problem is.

 

What ‘Stop Global Warming’ Effort?

It’s common knowledge that there is no known way to realistically break up CO2 molecules on a large scale without using fossil fuel nor realistically store billions of tons of CO2 molecules. The current worldwide strategy to deal with the increasing excess CO2 is to wait and assume technology will find a way without even creating large national labs and large teams of scientists at all, let alone as large as the effort used to create the first nuclear bomb. So at this point, the only logical way to deal with the excess CO2 is to buy some time and grow as many trees as possible in countries that are capable of preventing their citizens from cutting the trees down. As you know, not even this is being done.

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End Of The Human Species

If effective CO2 removing technology isn’t developed, as temperatures become higher and higher, more and more forms of plant life will die off in larger and larger areas either to drought or flooding. As global warming continues, the human species will begin to die off.

 

Runaway Greenhouse Effect – End Of All Species

Man starving himself to death by causing global warming may not be relief for other life on Earth. Global warming can easily lead to the “runaway greenhouse effect”. Humidity is the central problem in the runaway greenhouse effect. Like CO2, increasing humidity also makes the blanket thicker. Excess CO2 actually leads to excess humidity. As excess CO2 causes the Earth to warm, more water evaporates into humidity. More humidity makes the blanket thicker, a thicker blanket causes the Earth to warm even more causing more water to evaporate into the atmosphere, and it becomes an ever escalating 2 element cycle of more heat causes more humidity which causes more heat. The weather on Venus is a great example of the runaway greenhouse effect. The temperature on Venus is 900째.

Plant Life Can Use Only So Much CO2
Other Vehicle/Industry Emissions Hard On Plant Life

Breaking Up CO2 Molecules

Since global warming is a reality and more is being done to make global warming worse than to correct global warming, it’s safe to assume the runaway greenhouse effect is on the way. The only thing that can prevent the runaway greenhouse effect is to stop global warming with a strategy and or device that removes more CO2 from the atmosphere than is released into the atmosphere. Capturing and storing more than 70 millions tons of CO2 a day would be quite difficult. It’s much more realistic to find a way to split CO2 into carbon and oxygen (C and O2). Plasma torches split CO2 into CO and C. CO of course is carbon monoxide, a poisonous gas. What if some element was added to the crucible of the plasma torch? Would that prevent the formation of CO by forming something else with either the carbon or oxygen? Of course a plasma torch to convert CO2 to something else would require 100% green energy sources to make sense.

Eleven of The Last 13 Years Were The Warmest In Recorded History (12/07

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We’re Lucky CO2 Is The Problem

It may sound quite unbelievable to say that we’re lucky that the current cause of global warming is CO2, but for two reasons we are. First, plant life via photosynthesis splits CO2 into C (carbon) and O2 (oxygen), which are not global warming gases. We can work with photosynthesis to stop global warming. Second, CO2 is heavier than air so it hovers at the Earth’s surface where it can be reached to be removed. The are other global warming gases (methane, ozone, CFCs, and many others) that are not used by plant life and do not hover at the Earth’s surface. Freon 318 for example is 10,000 times more insulative than CO2. Sulfur Hexafluoride is 22,000 times more insulative than CO2. If we manage to gain control of CO2 and stop global warming and then cause global warming again by excessive release of these other global warming gases, even if the problem is miraculously solved, the destruction of plant life and oceans from the first global warming crisis may not recover enough to survive the second global warming crisis.

 

We’re Not That Lucky

Animals, especially larger animals (cows) and all animals in great numbers (humans, almost all farm animals), release large amounts of methane. Because methane is about 23 times more insulative than CO2, it takes only 1/23 as much methane as CO2 to have the same global warming effect as CO2. The number of people and farm animals on Earth is increasing every day. Removing methane (CH4) will not be easy. It’s said that right now agriculture causes 18% of global warming.

Chart Of The Other Global Warming Gases (.gov

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High Global Warming Potential Gases (.gov

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Global Over Warming

It’s too much warming, global over warming, that’s the problem, not global warming. Global warming is necessary to keep the Earth warm enough for life to exist. The temperature on Earth without global warming would be zero degrees. Global over warming can warm a planet to nine hundred degrees.

Average Temperature Without Global Warming

How Global Warming Occurs

The reason why CO2 is such a problem is that high energy UV rays from the sun that would normally bounce off light colors of the Earth’s surface and back into outer space instead bounce off the Earth and then bounce off CO2 in the atmosphere back to Earth giving UV rays another chance at being absorbed by dark colors on the Earth’s surface. The more CO2 in the atmosphere, the more often UV rays bounce off CO2 in the atmosphere back to Earth and absorbed.

The more UV rays an object absorbs the warmer it becomes; cement roads are light in color and reflect most UV rays so cement stays fairly cool. Tar roads are black, absorb a lot of UV rays, and become very hot. Of course, UV rays can bounce off the light color of cement roads, hit CO2 molecules in the atmosphere, bounce back to Earth and be absorbed by black tar roads. (Note: UV rays go right through other molecules in the atmosphere, so there’s no bouncing-back-to-Earth problem with most other molecules in the atmosphere.)

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Well Abandonment – What is this all about?

oil reservoirDifferent groups of scientists and engineers go through long processes in trying to explore, locate, and identify oil reservoirs that are yet untapped underneath the earth, either on solid ground, or at the bottom of the sea. They then try to establish the best method possible that would allow them to drill, extract, and recover as much of the oil and gas deposited inside the reservoir. Once they are able to tap on the reserve for oil production, an oilfield facility is then built around the oil well where they extract and mine the fossil fuel deposited there.

The thing with oil wells is that no matter how rich they are in oil, there will come a point where they will dry out from the extraction being made by the oil company who has rights to extrude oil from that oil well site. However, when it dries out, the oil company cannot just simply abandon the oil well and leave as there are regulations that need to be followed when it comes to well abandonment and reclamation.

The regulations in well abandonment and reclamation should be strictly followed as failure to do so may have catastrophic impact not just with the environment, but also with the oil company as there are certain penalties involved should they illegally just abandon an oil well without any proper modifications being made to it. In Alberta, Canada, the Alberta Energy Regulator (AER) strictly regulates safe, efficient, orderly, and environmentally responsible development of hydrocarbon resources over the entirety of their life cycle. This includes the initial application and construction of the oil well, to its finality abandonment and reclamation. Regulation over reclamation and remediation activities on closure of energy resource development is under AER jurisdiction and assumes strict responsibility of its regulation.

Wells are abandoned due to different reasons. Of course, the most common reason is that the well is no longer able to produce oil and gas development and thus no longer makes it necessary to operate the facility handling the extraction and recovery from that oil well. Another reason is when an operator’s mineral lease expires.

Wells are abandoned following strict sets of requirements under well abandonment of the AERs Directives. The licensee of the well are required to make sure that the wells they leave will not pose any serious risk to the environment or that of the public once they permanently leave the well along with some of the structure of their facility that will be left behind. Under the requirements of the AER, any issues that will be found must be necessarily modified to ensure the directives are strictly followed. A group of licensed panel will perform inspections and once all necessary sets have been passed, only then will the licensee get the clearance on well abandonment.